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Timeline of Amalgamated Lithographers of America

  • April 1882: Romar Fishing Club is organized.


  • June 10, 1882: Romar Fishing Club becomes Hudson Assembly 1971, which was part of the Knights of Labor.


  • 1886: First general lithographers’ strike to reduce the workweek to 54 hours. Romar Fishing Club becomes the Hudson Lithographic Association and then develops into the Lithographers’ International Protective and Benevolent Association (LIP&BA). Withdrawal from Knights of Labor.


  • 1892: Organization of the Artists, Engravers and Designers League.


  • 1906: General strike for the 48-hour/6-day workweek.  (The strike was so successful that by 1911 lithographers across the nation were working the same hours.) Read a New York Times article on the strike in attachments below.


  • 1912: The Artists, Engravers and Designers League develops into the International Union of Lithographic Workmen.


  • 1913: Conference of all craft unions of the lithographic industry to discuss amalgamation.


  • 1915:  Amalgamated Lithographers of America is formed.


  • 1921-22: General strike against wage cuts (due to the recession ALA agreed to a temporary 12.5% paycut but wanted only a 5% cut for salary earners of $30 or less. Employers rebuffed and strike ensued, but was settled because recession ended and workers were rehired at full pay.)


  • 1941: Local 1 establishes the principle of paid vacations.


  • 1943: Local 1 establishes the principle of paid holidays.


  • 1946: Local 1 secures the 36 ¼ hour work week for all members.


  • 1947: Local 1 sets up its own pension fund.


  • 1948: Local 1 establishes a welfare fund paid by the employers.


  • 1949: Local 1 members enjoy the full fruits of union organization: shorter work week, paid vacations, paid holidays, pension fund, welfare fund, high wage scales, death benefits, and protection against unemployment.


  • 1955: Local 1 establishes the 35-hour workweek for all members.


  • 1958: ALA withdraws from the American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO)


  • Labor Day 1964: the Amalgamated Lithographers of America merges with the International Photoengravers Union (IPEU; founded in 1900) to form the new Lithographers and Photoengravers International Union (LPIU). Membership total reaches 60,000.


  • Labor Day 1972: the LPIU merges with the International Brotherhood of Bookbinders (founded in 1892) to form the Graphic Arts International Union (GAIU).


  • July 1, 1983: the GAIU merges with the IPGCU to form the Graphic Communications International Union (GCIU).


  • 1997: Local 1P merges with Local 1.


  • 1999: Local 298M merges with Local 1.


  • 2001: Local 623S merges with Local 1.


  • 2004: Graphic Communications Conference (GCC) merges with The International Brotherhood of Teamsters (IBT) to create GCC/IBT. Local 745C merges with Local 1.


  • 2004: Local 745C merges with Local 1.


  • 2010: Local 447 merges with Local 1. Local 1 represents more than 4000 of the 60,000 GCC/IBT members.


  • 2011 - 2013: Local's 51-23M, 259M & 74M merges with Local 1.